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Lifestyle risk factors and the primary prevention of cancer

Resource status: Current

This resource has been developed, reviewed or revised within the last 5 years.


It is estimated that at least one third of all cancer cases are preventable, and that potentially more than half of all cancers could be avoided through a combination of healthy lifestyle and regular screening. Prevention offers the most cost-effective long-term strategy for the control of cancer across the population.  This positon statement includes recommendations for adults to reduce their risk of cancer and stay healthy.


This position statement has been endorsed by Cancer Council Australia, and is supported by the Cancer Australia Advisory Council.

Cancer Australia position statements address significant clinical issues, emerging issues in cancer control and issues of ongoing interest, using the best available evidence.

The purpose of this position statement is to provide evidence-based information on modifiable lifestyle factors and reduction of cancer risk for cancer organisations, health professionals, medical colleges, media and policy makers. This position statement is also intended to support the development of information for consumers and the community.