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Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer using strong anti-cancer drugs. Chemotherapy works by killing fast-growing cells like cancer cells. Other fast-growing cells will also be affected, such as the cells involved in hair growth and cells in the bone marrow, which produce your blood cells.

In women with vaginal cancer, chemotherapy is mainly used if the cancer is advanced, or if the cancer returns after treatment. In some younger women, chemotherapy may also be combined with radiotherapy.

Each chemotherapy period is called a cycle, and each cycle is followed by a rest period. During the rest period, your normal cells will repair themselves and your body will regain its strength. Your treatment may be delayed if your body needs more time to recover.