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Early changes in the cells of the cervix (epithelial abnormalities) rarely cause any symptoms, which is why doctors encourage women to have regular Pap tests.

If early cell changes develop into cervical cancer, the most common symptoms include:

  • vaginal bleeding between periods, if you are not menopausal
  • bleeding after intercourse
  • pain during intercourse
  • unusual vaginal discharge
  • vaginal bleeding after menopause.

Advanced cervical cancer, which is very uncommon, may cause the following symptoms:

  • excessive tiredness
  • leg pain or swelling
  • lower back pain.

These symptoms are shared by many conditions, so having these symptoms may not mean you have cervical cancer. However, you should get examined by your GP if you are concerned.

If necessary, your GP will refer you for tests to see if you have cancer.