How are gynaecological cancers diagnosed?


Diagnosis of a gynaecological cancer may involve a number of tests, including:

  • a physical examination, including a pelvic examination
  • a cervical screening test
  • blood tests, such as a CA-125 test
  • imaging tests – these may include a transvaginal ultrasound, a computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or positron emission tomography (PET) scans
  • A PET scan, which includes injection of a weak radioactive substance into your body to show up cancer spots
  • taking a tissue sample (biopsy) for examination under a microscope.